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IRS Clarifies Which New Vehicles Qualify for the Section 30D Clean Vehicle Credit
The Internal Revenue Service has revised how it classifies vehicles potentially eligible for a Section 30D Clean Vehicle Credit. As a result, more new battery electric (BEV), plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV), and fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) models/trim levels are now considered “SUVs, vans, and pick-ups” for purposes of the credit’s $80,000 MSRP cap. All other BEV, PHEV, and FCEV make/models (e.g., sedans, coupes, station wagons, etc.) are subject to a $55,000 MSRP cap.
The revised vehicle classifications are based on those in www.fueleconomy.gov, a shopping resource commonly used by both dealers and prospective purchasers, and apply retroactively to January 1, 2023. A listing of which make/models fall under which MSRP cap is available here.
Note: Some BEVs, PHEVs, and FCEVs sold since January 1, 2023, may now be potentially eligible for a Section 30D Credit where they weren’t before. Consequently, selling dealers should be prepared to provide purchaser-taxpayers with a Section 30D Clean Vehicle Credit report form as necessary. See IRS FAQs, Topic B, Questions 7 and 9. A sample Section 30D report form is found on the NADA Regulatory Affairs Alternative Fuel Vehicle and Refueling Incentive EV Incentive Webpage along with materials addressing the Section 30D and other the Inflation Reduction Act EV incentives.